By veggiewolf I wanted to write a simple post explaining The Ogdoad of Hermopolis, with a larger plan of later writing one about The Ennead of Heliopolis, and then culminating in a compare-contrast post of the two. However, like so many thinks that seem simple from the outside, looking into what I thought was The Ogdoad turned into an exploration of ogdoads. As in plural. As in…this is a way more widespread concept than I thought, and it isn’t limited to Hermopolis.
(Spoiler alert – ennead isn’t any more cut-and-dried. Just sayin’.)
First, let me get this out of the way: Hermopolis is the Greek name for the city of Khmwnw (Khmunu – Eight City; City of Eight), just as Heliopolis is the Greek name for the city of Jwnw (Junu – House of Ra). In this post, I’ll be trying to stick to the Egyptian names, except when specifically talking about the Greek period and/or Greek thought.
An ogdoad (literally four, doubled) is a group of either four or eight deities that are worshiped together. They are often doubles of themselves (four deities, doubled) or male/female pairs (four male/four female). The Ogdoad that we know best, the …read more
Source: Fluid Morality