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Starhawk’s New Moon Chant for Diana: “Waxing, waxing, rising, rising, Diana’s energy is flowing, flowing.”
Growth of the pagan motion in the course of the mid twentieth Century was strongly supported by the quickly escalating feminist motion of that point. The Nineteen Fifties marked a one hundred years of campaigning for ladies’s rights and the refusal to be handled by society as second price residents. Women have been asserting their rights and discovering their voices. Some went so far as to chop males out of their lives completely.
Commune-fashion, feminine solely communities emerged. These communities have been artistic, non-hierarchical, spontaneous, non-violent, professional-earth, and professional-lady. Spiritually, there was no compatibility with the hierarchical patriarchal mainstream religions of the world. Gardner’s “Witchcraft Today” revealed in 1951 resulted in growing the notice of Witchcraft. The precept of a Goddess, whose consort is the God, appealed to most pagans because it provided respite from the patriarchy of the mainstream religions. Even so, some feminists weren’t prepared to simply accept any type of masculinity of their religious path. For them “the Goddess grew in significance and the position of the God shrank into obscurity”.
This was nevertheless NOT the start of the Dianic Tradition in its trendy sense. Unbeknown to many, and unrecognized by most, Egyptologist, folklorist and anthropologist Margaret Murray (1863-1963) must be credited with the early formation of the Dianic Tradition. Murray revealed “The Witch-Cult in Western Europe” in 1921. In this work, she examined the Inquisition paperwork and argued that Witchcraft might be traced to pre-Christian occasions and seemed to be the traditional faith of Western Europe. She went on to elucidate the proof that Diana, the female Roman deity, was worshiped all through Europe in “Dianic cults.”
Murray later revealed “The God of the Witches” in 1933 and “The Divine King of England” in 1954, which claimed that the majority of British royalty had been members of the Dianic Cult. Murray died at age one hundred in 1963, the identical yr her autobiography was launched, My First Hundred Years. Murray was an in depth pal of Gerald Gardner.
The Dianic Tradition, because it stands at the moment, is roofed by two faculties of thought. The one is known as Dianic Wicca, Feminist Dianic Witchcraft, or Women’s Spirituality and the opposite is Danaanic Wicca or “Old Dianic” Paganism. Both have been seeds sown by the works of Margaret Murray.
The Dianic Witchcraft department is believed to have been based by a hereditary Witch referred to as Z. Budapest. Z and three of her lady associates established the Susan O. Anthony Coven Number M. This coven worshiped the Goddess in all her varieties. Z. Budapest’s Dianic Witchcraft consists of girls-solely covens. There is a robust lesbian presence, though nearly all of the covens are open to all ladies.
The Danaanic department was based by Morgan McFarland. This department “provides primacy to the Goddess in its theology however honors the Horned God as Her Beloved Consort.” Covens can comprise of each female and male members or solely of a single gender.