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Copal – Latin names: Bursera bipinnata, Bursera fagaroides, Bursera ororata et alia
The phrase “copal” derives from the Spanish / Aztec Nahuatl phrase “copalli” which suggests incense. Copal is an fragrant tree resin utilized by Meso-People (i.e., the Aztec, Maya, Olmec, and Teotihuacan) for the purification of meat, chewing, pigment binding, medicinal functions, worship, and as a gluing and varnishing agent. Copal is just not an herb within the typical sense however is a crystallized resin (the solidified parts of tree or plant sap). When burned, copal could be very aromatic and fragrant. Copal comes from numerous species of the Bursera species of timber present in Mexico and South America. The three kinds of copal are black, white, and gold in shade, every with its personal delicate, candy scent. Copal resin has been used and burned, as an incense, atop Aztec and Mayan pyramids by Meso-American Indians (the Mayan and Aztec peoples) for a lot of centuries for religious and ritual functions.
Two widespread types of copal are the amber-like yellow and the white variations. Please needless to say you must solely burn a small portion of the copal resin at a time as a result of resins have a tendency to supply lots of thick smoke.
Soaking copal in a mix of water and ethyl alcohol will produce an fragrant tincture; the ethyl alcohol helps within the extraction of copal’s lively elements whereas concentrating and preserving them. Copal could be floor right into a nice powder, with a mortar and pestle, after which sprinkled over a charcoal disc for use as incense.
Copal, a “holy incense”, may be can used for consecration and anointing of pentacles, athames, wands, and so on. by passing these objects by way of its smoke. It may be burned when one is in search of “divine favors”. Like most resins, copal is burned or smoldered as an incense throughout spellwork and/or rituals and must be burned on charcoal tablets or discs together with some Japanese Ash (Fraxinus hubeiensis, Fraxinus japonica, Fraxinus manchurica et al) for an fragrant expertise. For instance, the Lacandón Maya of the northern lowland Chiapas, in southern Mexico, used copal incense or “pom” as a standard providing to their deities regularly. Pom is constructed from the resin of the Pitch or Pitchy Pine tree (Pinus pseudostrobus, Pinus rigida), a conifer. Copal can be utilized throughout safety, divination, cleaning / purification, banishment, exorcism, hex-breaking, love spells, meditation, and different rituals or religious ceremonies. It may be used to push back unfavorable power by putting small items of copal in together with your crystals after which stored in a particular place of your selection or sporting round your neck as a magickal sachet; for instance, a “sachet of safety” may be made with a mixture of copal, frankincense, and myrrh. Copal makes for a superb smudge and is usually utilized in sweat lodge ceremonial gatherings. This can be a fantastic resin to work with and for making a mellow, magickal environment to work in.
- Planet: Solar
- Elemental: Hearth
- Gender: Masculine
- Energy: Purification, Love
For a lot of centuries, conventional Indian, Meso-American, and Native American healers have recognized about, used, and brought benefit of the anti-inflammatory properties of the tree bark’s gummy resin generally known as salai guggal. Modern-day natural preparations are comprised of a purified extract of salai guggal, packaged in a capsule or cream type, then used to scale back irritation related to osteoarthritis and rheumatoid arthritis. Frankincense, as compared, makes for a high-quality substitution in case you are unable to seek out any copal. Frankincense derives from the Boswellia serrata species of tree also referred to as Boswellin or Indian Frankincense that develop within the dry hills of India.
- Africa (North, East and West) – Borneo, Congo, Madagascar, Kenya, Tanzania, Zanzibar
- Asia – Damar
- Australia – Allendale Victoria
- East India
- Japan – Mizunami
- South America – Brazil, Colombia, Sierra Leone and the Congo