collapse

Author Topic: Hecate (Artemis) lampadephoros (light-bearer or bringer)  (Read 2382 times)

monsnoleedra

  • Sr. Master Member
  • *******
  • Join Date: Jul 2011
  • Banned!
  • Posts: 957
  • Total likes: 1
    • View Profile
Hecate (Artemis) lampadephoros (light-bearer or bringer)
« on: May 24, 2012, 07:30:14 pm »
While many forms and epitaphs of Hekate / Hecate are known her persona as Lampadephoros is one of the more difficult to trace with available source documents.  In part due I think to only a couple of them referencing this facet and not being translated into English from what I can find.

Quote
According to accounts which vary in some of the details, in 340 BCE the Byzantines and their allies the Athenians were under siege by the troops of Philip of Macedon. On a particularly dark and wet night Philip attempted a surprise attack but was thwarted by the appearance of a bright light in the sky. This light is occasionally described by subsequent interpreters as a meteor, sometimes as the moon, and some accounts also mention the barking of dogs. However, the original accounts mention only a light in the sky, without specifying the moon. To commemorate the event the Byzantines erected a statue of Hecate lampadephoros (light-bearer or bringer). This story survived in the works of Hesychius of Miletus, who in all probability lived in the time of Justinian I. His works survive only in fragments preserved in Photius and the tenth century lexicographer Suidas. The tale is also related by Stephanus of Byzantium, and Eustathius.


Quote
"In 340 BCE, however, the Byzantines, with the aid of the Athenians, withstood a siege successfully, an occurrence the more remarkable as they were attacked by the greatest general of the age, Philip of Macedon. In the course of this beleaguerment, it is related, on a certain wet and moonless night the enemy attempted a surprise, but were foiled by reason of a bright light which, appearing suddenly in the heavens, startled all the dogs in the town and thus roused the garrison to a sense of their danger. To commemorate this timely phenomenon, which was attributed to Hecate, they erected a public statue to that goddess [...]" William Gordon Holmes, The Age of Justinian and Theodora, 2003 p5-6;

"If any goddess had a connection with the walls in Constantinople, it was Hecate. Hecate had a cult in Byzantium from the time of its founding. Like Byzas in one legend, she had her origins in Thrace. Since Hecate was the guardian of "liminal places," in Byzantium small temples in her honor were placed close to the gates of the city. Hecate's importance to Byzantium was above all as deity of protection. When Philip of Macedon was about to attack the city, according to he legend she alerted the townspeople with her ever-present torches, and with her pack of dogs, which served as her constant companions. Her mythic qualities thenceforth forever entered the fabric of Byzantine history. A statue known as the 'Lampadephoros' was erected on the hill above the Bosphorous to commemorate Hecate's defensive aid." Vasiliki Limberis, Divine Heiress, Routledge, 1994, p126-127


http://www.basicpatterns.com/byzantium/encyclopedia.htm

Note: color change mine to indicate the known references to this story.  It should also be noted that much of the cited material appears to be reproduced from Wikipedia entries.  Actual translations of the source material I have been unable to discover so have not been able to include references or linkages.

Her location near to the Bosporus places her still within the juncture of ancient Anatolia (modern Turkey) and ancient Thrace (modern Bulgaria / Greece and Turkey).   It also keeps within the tradtional notion that Hekate / Hecate originated in one or the other.

The statue is believed to have been erected on the hideside overlooking the Bosphorus Straights near modern day Instanbul.  To my knowledge though no known location has been identifed as to where it may have been placed.  Additionally I have been unable to discover any specific information pertaining to the specifics of the statue in regard to size, construction material or even what it looked like.

It should also be pointed out that while most translations and referenced accounts point to Hekate / Hecate as the source of the revealing light some accounts indicate it was Artemis (Or Diana in some).  It is possible part of the issues arises from the syncretism of Artemis and Hekate / Hecate lore in later periods.  Yet it is known that there were sanctuaries to both Hekate / Hecate and Artemis in Byzantium.

On a historical note the city known as Byzantium was later known as Constantinople then changed to its modern name of Istanbul.

Of interest is the association of the Cresent Moon and star being equated to Hecate / Hekate and to the city of Byzantium.

Quote
Though associated with the Sassanid Persians and with Mithradates VI Eupator (who for a time incorporated the city into his empire), by the late Hellenistic or early Roman period, the star and crescent motif had been associated to some degree with Byzantium. For example, some Byzantine coins of the 1st century BCE and later show the head of Artemis with bow and quiver, and feature a crescent with what appears to be a six-rayed star on the reverse.


Quote
Devotion to Hecate was especially favored by the Byzantines for her aid in having protected them from the incursions of Philip of Macedon. Her symbols were the crescent and star, and the walls of her city were her provenance.


http://www.basicpatterns.com/byzantium/encyclopedia.htm

Quote
By the late Hellenistic  or early Roman  period, the star and crescent motif had been associated to some degree with Byzantium . If any goddess had a connection with the walls in Constantinople , it was Hecate . Hecate had a cult in Byzantium from the time of its founding.


http://www.enotes.com/topic/Star_and_crescent

The attachment shows a coin with the depiction of Artemis upon one side and the Cresent Moon and radiating star on the other.  It does need to be noted that I have not found any coins depicting Hekate / Hecate on recognized coins from Byzantium.

For me this story sort of evolved from the attached coin I had purchased.  It revealed an area of associatioin to both Artemis and Hekate / Hecate which I had been unaware of.  Research wise it has proven difficult to trace for the references in both the Numismatics facet and the historical / mythological facet utilize the same referenced material often repeated without direct sourcing information.

But one thing I have discovered is that the Cresent Moon and radiating star seems to have originated as a symbol for Hecate / Hekate from her association and protection of Byzantium.  A symbol that even today flies over the city of Byzantium now know as Istanbul.

RandallS

  • Site Admin
  • *
  • Join Date: Jun 2011
  • Location: NE Ohio
  • Posts: 10271
  • Country: us
  • Total likes: 284
    • View Profile
  • Religion: Hellenic Pagan
Re: Hecate (Artemis) lampadephoros (light-bearer or bringer)
« Reply #1 on: May 24, 2012, 09:12:17 pm »
Quote from: monsnoleedra;56498

http://www.basicpatterns.com/byzantium/encyclopedia.htm

http://www.basicpatterns.com/byzantium/encyclopedia.htm

http://www.enotes.com/topic/Star_and_crescent


You do realize that these articles are just copies (properly credited and licensed) of material on Wikipedia? As such are not very authoritative.
Randall
RetroRoleplaying [Blog]: Microlite74/75/78/81, BX Advanced, and Other Old School Tabletop RPGs
Microlite20: Lots of Rules Lite Tabletop RPGs -- Many Free

monsnoleedra

  • Sr. Master Member
  • *******
  • Join Date: Jul 2011
  • Banned!
  • Posts: 957
  • Total likes: 1
    • View Profile
Re: Hecate (Artemis) lampadephoros (light-bearer or bringer)
« Reply #2 on: May 24, 2012, 09:19:05 pm »
Quote from: RandallS;56505
You do realize that these articles are just copies (properly credited and licensed) of material on Wikipedia? As such are not very authoritative.

 
Yep.  That's why I made that reference in my write-up that they all appeared to be based upon Wikipedia articles or exact copie of said articles.  The sad part is the referenced items for the most part are in Greek and are not that readily available.  When I do find fragments of them on-line it seems its never the section that deals with this specific information.

RandallS

  • Site Admin
  • *
  • Join Date: Jun 2011
  • Location: NE Ohio
  • Posts: 10271
  • Country: us
  • Total likes: 284
    • View Profile
  • Religion: Hellenic Pagan
Re: Hecate (Artemis) lampadephoros (light-bearer or bringer)
« Reply #3 on: May 24, 2012, 09:27:11 pm »
Quote from: monsnoleedra;56508
Yep.  That's why I made that reference in my write-up that they all appeared to be based upon Wikipedia articles or exact copie of said articles.

Sorry, I missed that.

Have you find any copies of the original Greek online?
Randall
RetroRoleplaying [Blog]: Microlite74/75/78/81, BX Advanced, and Other Old School Tabletop RPGs
Microlite20: Lots of Rules Lite Tabletop RPGs -- Many Free

monsnoleedra

  • Sr. Master Member
  • *******
  • Join Date: Jul 2011
  • Banned!
  • Posts: 957
  • Total likes: 1
    • View Profile
Re: Hecate (Artemis) lampadephoros (light-bearer or bringer)
« Reply #4 on: May 24, 2012, 09:52:17 pm »
Quote from: RandallS;56509
Sorry, I missed that.

Have you find any copies of the original Greek online?


No.  The most I find is an image of a single page or two.  I have found a book Holmes. The age of Justinian and Theodora : a history of the sixth century A.D. 1912. Volume 1. by William Gordon Holmes which speaks of the statue on pg 27 but that is about it.

This one has been frustrating for a number of sources cite them but it's been a problem trying to find any of those sources.  Needless to say I'm still following every little lead that I come across.

monsnoleedra

  • Sr. Master Member
  • *******
  • Join Date: Jul 2011
  • Banned!
  • Posts: 957
  • Total likes: 1
    • View Profile
Re: Hecate (Artemis) lampadephoros (light-bearer or bringer)
« Reply #5 on: May 24, 2012, 10:32:45 pm »
Quote from: monsnoleedra;56511
No.  The most I find is an image of a single page or two.  I have found a book Holmes. The age of Justinian and Theodora : a history of the sixth century A.D. 1912. Volume 1. by William Gordon Holmes which speaks of the statue on pg 27 but that is about it.

This one has been frustrating for a number of sources cite them but it's been a problem trying to find any of those sources.  Needless to say I'm still following every little lead that I come across.


To add to this the cited book acutally refers to the situation with Hecate on pg 5 & 6 and is cited as coming from Hesychius, loc cit.; Diodorus Sic., xvi, 77  Yet the reference to a statue on pg 27 was not found

I downloaded a copy of this book in PDF format at http://archive.org/details/ageofjustinianth01holmuoft

monsnoleedra

  • Sr. Master Member
  • *******
  • Join Date: Jul 2011
  • Banned!
  • Posts: 957
  • Total likes: 1
    • View Profile
Re: Hecate (Artemis) lampadephoros (light-bearer or bringer)
« Reply #6 on: May 24, 2012, 10:57:19 pm »
Quote from: monsnoleedra;56520
..


Has not produced any results that support this thread but there is a site about the Suda online at http://www.stoa.org/sol/ that is an ongoing translation project.  there are aspects that support or concern otehr facets of Hekate / Hecate that may be of interest to others.  Each transcription has the transcription and the original greek so one could compare it if they desired.

RandallS

  • Site Admin
  • *
  • Join Date: Jun 2011
  • Location: NE Ohio
  • Posts: 10271
  • Country: us
  • Total likes: 284
    • View Profile
  • Religion: Hellenic Pagan
Re: Hecate (Artemis) lampadephoros (light-bearer or bringer)
« Reply #7 on: May 25, 2012, 08:09:34 am »
Quote from: monsnoleedra;56520
To add to this the cited book acutally refers to the situation with Hecate on pg 5 & 6 and is cited as coming from Hesychius, loc cit.; Diodorus Sic., xvi, 77  Yet the reference to a statue on pg 27 was not found.

It sounds like someone, somewhere make an error in their citation and it has propagated unnoticed. :(
Randall
RetroRoleplaying [Blog]: Microlite74/75/78/81, BX Advanced, and Other Old School Tabletop RPGs
Microlite20: Lots of Rules Lite Tabletop RPGs -- Many Free

Tags:
 

Related Topics

  Subject / Started by Replies Last post
1 Replies
5448 Views
Last post September 28, 2011, 12:41:01 am
by monsnoleedra
8 Replies
1888 Views
Last post June 27, 2013, 09:50:12 pm
by ALiteraryLady
5 Replies
1157 Views
Last post March 10, 2014, 10:56:34 pm
by Alice
1 Replies
954 Views
Last post July 29, 2015, 05:14:31 pm
by HeartShadow
6 Replies
1246 Views
Last post October 21, 2017, 04:12:13 am
by Waldhexe

* Who's Online

  • Dot Guests: 45
  • Dot Hidden: 0
  • Dot Users: 1
  • Dot Users Online:

* Please Donate!

The Cauldron's server is expensive and requires monthly payments. Please become a Bronze, Silver or Gold Donor if you can. Donations are needed every month. Without member support, we can't afford the server.

* Shop & Support TC

The links below are affiliate links. When you click on one of these links you will go to the listed shopping site with The Cauldron's affiliate code. Any purchases you make during your visit will earn TC a tiny percentage of your purchase price at no extra cost to you.

* In Memoriam

Chavi (2006)
Elspeth (2010)
Marilyn (2013)

* Cauldron Staff

Host:
Sunflower

Message Board Staff
Board Coordinator:
Darkhawk

Assistant Board Coordinator:
Aster Breo

Senior Staff:
Aisling, Jenett, Sefiru

Staff:
Allaya, Chatelaine, EclecticWheel, HarpingHawke, Kylara, PerditaPickle, rocquelaire

Discord Chat Staff
Chat Coordinator:
Morag

Cauldron Council:
Bob, Catja, Emma-Eldritch, Fausta, Jubes, Kelly, LyricFox, Phouka, Sperran, Star, Steve, Tana

Site Administrator:
Randall

SimplePortal 2.3.6 © 2008-2014, SimplePortal